Category Archives: General Legal Information

Different Types of Criminal Acts

A crime is defined as any act that is contrary to legal law or code. Crime is unlawful act and it is punishable by the state. Crime occurs when someone breaks the law by an overt act, neglect or omission. Below are different types of crimes.

 

  • Aggravated assault -This crime occurs when a person unlawfully attacks another person for the purpose of inflicting aggravated or severe bodily injury. This type of assault is usually accompanied by use of weapon or by any other means that is likely to cause death great body harm.
  • Arson -Any malicious or willful burning or attempt to burn with or without intent to defraud a dwelling house, motor vehicle or aircraft, public building, personal property of another person among others.
  • Assault -Attempt to cause physical harm to another person either knowingly or recklessly but without the use of a weapon.
  • Burglary -The FBI defines burglary as the unlawfully entry to a structure to commit theft or felony. The use of force to gain entry is not needed to classify an offense as burglary.
  • Disorderly conduct -This crime occurs when someone tries to unlawfully breach peace.
  • Drug abuse violation -Violation of both local and state law on things relating to unlawful possession, use, sale, making and manufacturing of narcotic drugs, cocaine and their derivatives (like heroin, morphine, codeine), opium, marijuana, synthetic narcotic and dangerous non narcotic drugs.
  • Driving under influence -This is a crime committed when a person drives a vehicle when he/she is drunk or under the influence of narcotics or liquor.
  • Drunkenness -Offenses that relates to intoxicating or drunkenness but not including drinking under the influence.
  • Embezzlement -This is a crime committed a when an individual or persons misappropriate money or property that is entrusted to ones care, control or custody.
  • Counterfeiting and forgery -Making, uttering, altering or possessing with intent to defraud anything that is false but resembles that which is true. E.g. monetary not or documents.
  • Fraud -Obtaining or converting property or money by false pretense including use of confidence games or bad checks.
  • Gambling -Promoting, engaging or permitting an illegal gambling.
  • Hate/bias crime -This is a criminal offence committed against an individual, society or property that is motivated in part or in whole by the offender who is bias against a race, religion, sexual orientation, or ethnic /national origin group.
  • Theft -Unlawfully taking property from the possession of another. It includes shoplifting, purse snatching, pocket picking, motor vehicle theft, bicycle theft and theft of motor vehicle accessories and parts.
  • Liquor law violation -Violation of laws that prohibits the manufacture, sale, furnishing, possessing or transporting of intoxicating liquor.
  • Rape -Forcing a girl/woman to engage in sexual activities without her will or consent.
  • Robbery -Taking or any attempt to taking anything that is of value from care, control or custody of person/persons either by force, threat, violence or putting the victim in fear.
  • Sex offenses -Offenses and statutory rape against chastity, moral, common decency and the like including forcible, voyeurism and forcible fondling.
  • Vandalism -Willful or malicious injury, destruction, defacement or disfigurement of any public or private property, either real or personal without the approval of the owner or individual having control or custody.
  • Weapons law violation -Violation of law dealing with regulatory weapon offenses including unlawfully manufacturing, possession or selling of deadly weapons, furnishing deadly weapons to minors or carrying deadly weapons.

Crime Definitions and Information

There are quite a number of actions that are deemed to be against the law, whether state or federal. While many people are aware of these actions, few know what actually constitutes each unique offense. Below is a comprehensive look at some crime definitions and information, the main aim being to provide a better understanding to each of them.  Kindly note that specific definitions and penalties may differ depending on your geographical location and the circumstances linked to your case.

Aiding and Abetting

This is a criminal offense of aiding, giving advice, persuading or otherwise helping another party in commission of a crime. In this context aiding is interpreted as helping another party with something while an abettor is a person who encourages or helps another party.  Examples of aiding and abetting include assisting an individual plan murder, offering advice on how to carry out fraud or assisting a person escape from a lawful custody.

Burglary

This is defined as gaining access to a building or premises with the sole intent of committing a crime. Burglary is often linked with theft but gaining access to a building with the intention of committing other forms of crime like rape or sexual assault is also regarded as burglary.

Counterfeiting

moneyThis is a criminal offense of making duplicates, creating legal tenders or goods that are meant to pass as authentic. Counterfeiting crimes involve money but today’s counterfeiting accusations may also involve goods such as clothes, jewelry and computer software. Involvement in counterfeit goods and products is against the law and is regarded as fraud because it infringes patents, trademark and copyright laws. Creating replicas of credit cards is also regarded as counterfeiting.

Insider Trading

It is illegal to use important information which is not available or known by the public about a company’s stock or securities to trade. Any action to this effect amounts an insider trading crime. A financial director of company X who is well aware that the company was to be placed under receivership (and the public did not know this) is not supposed to use such information to trade or sell all his stock in the company let alone advising others to sell.

Arson

This is the criminal act of setting a fire to a dwelling, personal property or a forest intentionally. A person may commit this crime with an intention of committing fraud like insurance fraud or would commit it maliciously. An individual may execute arson in an effort to cover up another crime such as murder as well.

Vehicular Manslaughter

Also known as vehicular homicide, this crime happens when a person recklessly or neglectfully causes the death of another person. It may be described in simple terms as causing an unlawful death to another person while operating a motor vehicle. Auto accidents are bound to happen regardless of how careful a driver is. Therefore vehicular manslaughter charges are only applicable in instances where the driver was acting in a reckless manner with a wanton disregard to the lives of other road users.

While this is just a tip of the iceberg on many forms of crimes, the information provided here sheds light on a few crimes and what they entail. Be sure to source more insights on crimes definitions and information on legal websites and magazines and always do you due diligence before hiring an attorney.